Obedience of Allah and Prophet
Fatwa No: 85555

Question

1. What is the definition of obedience and obedience of Allah & Prophits?2. What the meanings of sincerity in belief?

Answer

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds; and may His blessings and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his Family and Companions.

Obedience has two definitions one linguistic and the other technical.
Linguistically, obedience means agreement and submission to comply with what someone in authority orders.
Technically, obedience is abiding by the orders of Allah and avoiding His prohibitions. Allah is The Creator, The Commander. So, all people should do what He orders. Allah says: { ………His is the Creation and Commandment. Blessed be Allâh, the Lord of the 'Alamîn (mankind, jinns and all that exists)!} [7:54]
As for the obedience of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) it means as Al-Qadi Eyadh said: 'The obedience of the Prophet means the adherence to his Sunnah and the full execution of what he established.' This obedience is compulsory on every pubescent Muslim just like the obedience of Allah. Allah says: {He who obeys the Messenger (Muhammad SAW), has indeed obeyed Allâh, ……..} [4:80]
So, the obedience of the Prophet is part of the obedience of Allah as the Prophet is the reporter of what Allah revealed to him and all that he utters is but a revelation.
For your second question, know that sincerity is the opposite of polytheism. So, sincerity is the fact that the person abides by an order or avoids a sin just for the sake of Allah not seeking any praise from any body for such acts of worship. Allah says about good Muslims: {(Saying): "We feed you seeking Allâh's Countenance only. We wish for no reward, nor thanks from you. "Verily, We fear from our Lord a Day, hard and distressful, that will make the faces look horrible (from extreme dislikeness to it)." } [76:9,10].
Allah knows best.

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