Made an Oath not to do something otherwise he Becomes a Kafir
Fatwa No: 374413

Question

Assalamu alaikkum please give me an answer without sending link plz . According to hanafi rulling I made an oath as I won’t do such thing when ever I do I will commitshirkor kufr and I will become kafir .i was ready that time I was ready to do it happily and and I was ok with it doing shirk and kufr and being kafir I was ready to do it Now I broke thatpromise but I did not commit or kufr . Will I become kaafir whenever I doSuch ?i know doing this oath is consist kufr so I asked and did my tawba for doingoath like and I ask forgiveness for being ready to commit shirk and kufrwill I become kaafir without doing kufr and shirk when ever I do that such

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

It seems that you meant that if you do that thing you will become a Kaafir; which means if you do what necessitates Kufr or shirk. This is something that you are not permitted to fulfill.

If we presume that you conditioned Kufr upon doing such a thing, then you do not become a Kaafir by doing it, but you are obliged to expiate for breaking an oath.

Shaykh Ibn Taymiyyah  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him quoted in his Fataawa the agreement of the scholars that the person in this case is not ruled to be a Kaafir. He  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him said in his book Mujmoo’ Al-Fataawa:

If one says: he becomes a Jew or a Christian if he does such and such a thing, or that if he does such and such he becomes a Kaafir, and so on, then the scholars agreed that if he fulfills the condition, then he does not become a Kaafir. However, he must expiate for breaking an oath, according to Abu Haneefah and according to the famous view of Ahmad.” [End of quote]

Therefore, if the oath that you broke was about doing a sin, then you must repent to Allah, and you must expiate for breaking an oath.

Allah knows best.

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